In 1952 Lima had a population of 0.75 Million people, by 1965 it had doubled to 1.5M and by 1980 it was four times more at 6M. It now has a population of 9.5M and is growing all the time. Lima used to be called the garden city since its grand houses contained garden couryards, but the new town is far from a garden. With land scarce, the people use their indigenous building skills to carve a place in the hills that lie to the East, towards the Andes from where many have come in search of work. In 1950 75% of the population was rural, now 75% is urban and this story is repeated around the world.